Mathematical Methods 29:172
Mathematical Methods I
29:171
Fall 2006
Class Information
 Room: 301, Van Allen Hall
 Time: 10:30AM  11:20AM
 Days: Monday, Wednesday, Friday
 Text: Mathematics for Physicists,
Philippe Dennery and Andre Krzywicki, Dover, 1995(1967)
Instructor Information
 Instructor: Wayne Polyzou
 Office: 306 Van Allen Hall
 Office Hours:M 2:303:30, Tu 1:302:30, W 1:302:30
 Grader: Yuzhi Liu  email  yuzhiliu@uiowa.edu,
office 658A, phone: 52920

Instructor schedule.
 Email: polyzou@uiowa.edu
 Phone: 3193351856
Grading Policy
Possible final grades are A+,A,B,C,D,F. The grade of A+ is for
performance that is a full grade above an A. Grades are based on
homework scores (20%), hour exam scores (25% x2), and the final exam
(30%). Homework assignments and important announcements will appear
on the web version of this syllabus
(http://www.physics.uiowa.edu/~wpolyzou/phys171/). Homework
solutions, exam solutions, and lecture notes will be posted on the
library's
electronic reserves and
here. Homework will be due on Wednesdays. The
lecture notes are for your benefit, but they are no substitute for
taking your own good notes during lectures. My lecture notes are
normally written during the evening before each lecture and posted on
the morning of the lecture. I do not have time to proofread the notes
so be warned that they may have errors. If you do not understand
something in the posted lecture notes, check with me before or after
class. I will try to correct errors as I go so expect changes in the
latter parts of the notes.
General Information
This is the first half of a two semester course on mathematical
methods in physics. The purpose of this course is to expose students
to the type of mathematics that is used in intermediate and advanced
physics classes.
The text for this course is, "Mathematics for Physicists",
Philippe Dennery and Andre Krzywicki. I will also lecture on
supplementary material that not covered by the text.
In addition to the text there are a number of excellent
references on specific areas of mathematics that are used in physics.
The references listed below go deeper in many of the subjects that I
will cover in this class and cover some relevant areas of mathematics
that will not be covered in this class; I have chosen them because
they are the books that I have found to be useful both as a
student, teacher, and researcher.
 Functional Analysis,
Frigyes Reisz and Bela Sz.Nagy, Dover, 1990(1950).
Readable treatment of functional analysis.
 Functional Analysis and Semigroups,
Einar Hill, Ralph S. Phillips, AMS Colloquium Publications,
Vol. XXXI, 1957.
The best reference on analytic properties of resolvent and semigroups.
 Methods of Modern Mathematical Physics, Vol 1IV,
Michael Reed and Barry Simon, Academic Press, (1972,1975,1978,1979).
This is a four volume set of books that cover almost all aspects
of functional analysis that are relevant for physics. Contains excellent
historical references.
 Real and Complex Analysis,
Walter Rudin, McGraw Hill, 1972.
Standard first year graduate reference on analysis.
 Real Analysis,
H. L. Royden, Mac Millan, 1968.
Main competitor to Rudin.
 Generalized Functions, V15,
I. M. Gelfand, G. E. Shilov (V13), I. M. Gelfand and N. Ya. Vilenkin (Vol 4),
I. M. Gelfand, M. I. Graev, N, Ya. Vilenkin (Vol 5),
Academic Press (1964,68,67,64,66).
Readable and well written  the definitive reference on distribution theory,
harmonic analysis, infinite dimensional integration. One of my favorite
references.
 Linear Operators (Parts I,II and III),
N. Dunford and J. Schwartz, Wiley, (1957,1963,1971).
Comprehensive three volume work on linear operators.
 Methods of Mathematical Physics, Vol I and II,
R. Courant and D. Hilbert,
Wiley, 1989(1937)(v1) , 1962 (v2).
Comprehensive reference written by leading mathematical physicists.
 Functional Analysis,
K. Yoshida,
Springer, 1980.
Has useful material on semigroups of operators and material that is
important in quantum mechanics.
 Trace Ideals and Their Applications,
Barry Simon,
AMS Mathematical Surveys and Monographs, V120, 2005.
Has unique material that in important in statistical physics,
quantum mechanics, and quantum field theory.
 An Introduction to Probability Theory and its
Application, V1,2,
W. Feller, Wiley, 1950.
Standard reference on probability theory, proof of the law of large numbers
and central limit theorem.
 Differential Equations, Dynamical Systems, and Linear Algebra,
M. Hisrch and S. Smale, Academic Press, 1974.
Modern treatment of linear algebra and differential equations 
nice emphasis on qualitative methods that are important for dynamical
systems.
 Ordinary Differential Equations,
V. I. Arnold, MIT Press, 1981.
Clear and concise treatment of differential equations from a modern point of
view.
 Transversal Mappings and Flows,
R. Abraham and J. Robbin, Benjamin Cummings, 1967.
Nice treatment of generic properties of dynamical systems that is
hard to find elsewhere.
 Singular Integral Equations,
N. I. Muskhelishvili, Dover, 1992 (1953).
One of the earliest references in treating a class of integral equation
that are important in scattering theory and imaging.
 Perturbation Theory for Linear Operators,
T. Kato, Springer, 1966.
Contains important material on time dependent scattering theory,
also illustrates many important concepts using finitedimensional examples.
 Scattering Theory by the Enss Method,
P. Perry, Harwood, 1983.
The first section gives a beautiful introduction to functional analysis, and
uses Weiner's theorem to give a neat geometrical characterization
of spectral properties of linear operators that have applications in scattering.
 Foundations of Modern Analysis,
J. Dieudonne, Academic Press, 1969.
Elegant work on analysis by one of the Bourbaki
contributors; formulates many theorems of elementary calculus in a
geometric manner that applies equally to infinite and finite dimensional
spaces.
 Complex Variables,
R. Redheffer and N. Levinson,
Holden Day, 1970.
Clear elementary reference directed at physicists, mathematicians and
engineers
 The Theory of Functions,
E. C. Titchmarch,
Oxford, 1932.
Classic reference, contains much of what is now called
mathematical physics. Easy to read.
 Applied Analysis,
C. Lanczos, Dover, 1988(1956).
Contains practical material relevant to mathematical physics.
 Mathematical Physics,
Robert Geroch, University of Chicago Press, 1985.
A unique abstract treatment of mathematical physics that starts from
category theory. Good job of motivating why certain abstract mathematical
structures are important.
 A Survey of Modern Algebra,
G. Birkhoff and S. Maclaine,
Mac Millan, 1965(1941).
Standard introductory reference on algebra. Written by two
excellent mathematicians.
 Algebra
S. Lang, Springer, (1965).
Standard graduate text on algebra.
 Algebra
T. Hungerford, Springer, 1974.
Graduate text on algebra, clear presentation of many topics.
 The Theory of Groups,
H. J. Zassenhaus, Dover, 1999(1958).
Clear and compact reference that focuses on group theory.
 Theory of Group Representations,
M. A. Naimark and A. I. Stern, Springer, 1982.
Nice treatment of group representation theory.
 The Theory of Lie Groups,
C. Chevalley, Princeton, 1999(1946).
This is a classic and well written reference. It deals
with some of the fundamental properties of Lie Groups.
 The Classical Groups  Their Invariants and Representations,
H. Weyl, Princeton, 1939.
A classic reference which includes material on the classification of
groups.
 Representation Theory of Semisimple Groups,
A. Knapp, Princeton, 1986.
Readable and useful.
 Group Theory and its Application to Physical Problems,
M. Hammermesh, Dover, 1989(1962).
One of the earlier references on group theory written by a physicist.
 Lie Algebras in Particle Physics,
H .Georgi, Benjamin Cummings, 1982.
Nice treatment of Lie Algebras relevant to symmetries of particle physics.
 GianCarlo Rota on Combinatorics,
G. C. Rota, Birkhauser, 1995 .
Collection of Rota's papers.
Has useful material on Mobius functions, Zeta functions and partial
orderings that is important in theories involving many degrees of
freedom.
 General Topology,
J. L. Kelly, D. Van Nostrand, 1955.
Clear treatment of the branch
mathematics that is used to properly formulate convergence.
 Topological Groups,
L. S. Pontryagin, Gordon and Breach, 1966,
Stands out as one of the most readable book on advanced mathematics 
contains excellent treatment of foundation material for topics that are
important in Lie groups.
 Differential Geometry, Lie Groups, and Symmetric Spaces,
S. Helgason, Academic Press, 1978.
Best treatment of symmetric spaces, pretty good for differential geometry
and Lie groups as well.
 A Comprehensive Introduction to Differential Geometry (V15),
M. Spivak, Publish or Perish, .
Readable treatment of differential geometry
that is relevant for general relativity and gauge theories  contains
some fun historical material.
 The Topology of Fiber Bundles,
N. Steenrod, Princeton University Press, 1951.
One of two treatments of the formal mathematics behind gauge symmetries
 Fiber Bundles,
Dale Husemoller, Springer, 1966.
Covers same material as Steenrod.
 Measure Theory
P. Halmos, Springer, 1974(1950).
The subject is becoming more important in physics, especially for
problems in dynamical systems, statistical physics, and quantum
field theory.
 Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups,
M. Warner, Scott Foresman, 1970.
Nice compact treatment of Differentiable Manifolds and
Lie groups. Now available in a Dover edition.
 PCT Spin Statistics and All That,
R. F. Streater and A. S. Wightman, Benjamin Cummings, 1964.
Clear treatment of SL(2,C), finite dimensional representations of the
Lorentz group, representation analytic functions of several variables,
distribution theory with applications to quantum field theory.
 Algebraic Topology,
E. H. Spanier, Springer, 1989(1966).
The first comprehensive textbook on the subject. Most
contemporary mathematicians learned the subject from this
text.
 Gravitation and Cosmology,
Steven Weinberg, Wiley, 1971.
Nice treatment of Reimannian Geometry in Chapter 6, nice treatment of
the Weyl Tensor.
 The Quantum Theory of Fields, VI
Steven Weinberg,
Cambridge, 1995.
Chapter 2 contains a nice treatment of the
representation theory of the Poincare group, projective representation
and central extensions of groups,
 Operator Algebras and Quantum Statistical Mechanics V1,2,
O. Bratelli and D. Robinson, Springer 1979,1981.
Mathematics of systems of and infinite number of degrees of freedom.
Homework Assignments and Calendar
 Week 1
 Monday, August 21

Lectures:
 Reading: Chapter 1 D&K
 Wednesday, August 23
 Homework #1:
First Assignment, due 8/30
 Friday, August 25
 Week 2
 Monday, August 28
 Wednesday, August 30  Homework set #1 due.
 Homework #2: Second Assignment, due 9/6
 Reading: Chapter 1 D&K,
 Friday, September 1
 Week 3
 Monday, September 4, Labor Day, no class

 Wednesday, September 6  Homework set #2 due.
 Homework #3: Third Assignment, due 9/13
 Reading:
 Friday, September 8
 Week 4
 Monday, September 11
 Wednesday, September 13, Homework Set #3 due.
 Homework #4:
Fourth Assignment, due 9/20
 Reading:
 Friday, September 15
 Week 5
 Monday, September 18
 Wednesday, September 20  Homework set #4 due.
 Homework #5: Fifth Assignment, due 9/27
 Reading:
 Friday, September 22
 Week 6
 Monday, September 25
 Wednesday, September 27  Homework set #5 due.
 Homework #6: Sixth Assignment, due 10/4
 Reading:
 Friday, September 29
 Week 7
 Monday, October 2
 Wednesday, October 4  Homework set #6 due.
 Homework #7: Seventh Assignment, due 10/11  Note that on problem
5 the lower limit of integration should  infinity not 0 [the original
integral can only be done in terms of special functions]
 Reading:
 Homework #7:
 Reading:
 Friday, October 6
 Week 8
 Monday, October 9
 Wednesday, October 11  Homework set #7 due.
 Homework #8:
 Reading:
 Friday, October 13
 Week 9
 Monday, October 16
 Exam 1
 Wednesday, October 18
 Homework #8: Eighth Assignment [Note  it is OK to hand the homework
to me by 5:00 on the day that it is due( you may slide it under my door),
however homework will not be accepted after 5,
and all homework should be given directly to me.]
 Reading:
 Friday, October 20
in room 301
 Week 10
 Monday, October 23
 Wednesday, October 25  Homework set #9 due.
 Homework #9: Ninth Assignment
 Reading:
 Friday, October 27
 Week 11
 Monday, October 30
 Homework #10: Tenth Assignment
 Wednesday, November 1  Homework set #9 due.
 Homework #11:
 Reading:
 Friday, November 3
 Week 12
 Monday, November 6
 Wednesday, November 8
 Homework #11: Eleventh Assignment
 Reading:
 Friday, November 10
 Week 13
 Monday, November 13  Exam 2; Professor Meurice will lecture this week
 Wednesday, November 15

 Reading:
 Friday, November 17
 Week 14
 Monday, November 27
 Wednesday, November 29  Homework set #11 due.
 Homework #112: Assignment 12
 Reading:
 Friday, December 1
 Week 15
 Monday, December 4
 Wednesday, December 6  Homework set #13 due.
 Reading:
 Friday, December 8, Last Day of Classes.
 Final Exam 9:45 A.M. Wednesday, December 13, 301 Van
College Information
Students with Disabilities
Any student who has a disability which may require some
modification of seating, testing, or other class requirements, should
contact me that appropriate arrangements may be made. Students with
disabilities should also contact the Office of Student Disabilities
Services (3351462).
Student Complaints:
A student who has a complaint related to this course should
follow the procedures summarized below. The full policy on student
complaints is online in the College's Student Academic Handbook
(http://www.clas.uiowa.edu/students/academic_handbook/ix.shtml)
Ordinarily, the student should attempt to resolve the matter with
the instructor first. Students may talk first to someone other than
the instructor (the departmental executive officer, or the University
Ombudsperson) if they do not feel, for whatever reason, that they can
directly approach the instructor.
If the complaint is not resolved to the student's satisfaction,
the student should go to the departmental executive officer.
If the matter remains unresolved, the student may submit a written
complaint to the associate dean for academic programs. The associate
dean will attempt to resolve the complaint and, if necessary, may
convene a special committee to recommend appropriate action. In any
event, the associate dean will respond to the student in writing
regarding the disposition of the complaint.
For any complaint that cannot be resolved through the mechanisms
described above, please refer to the College's Student Academic
Handbook for further information.